6 Different Types of Cereal Grains and Their Features

Since all of us have been children, we have been taught the importance of food groups. Every food group has pros and cons, depending on a person’s tastes. Some are more nutritious than others due to the nutrients they provide. Grains are one such food product that is as common as they are valuable to our health. However, not all grains are the same. There are different types of grains, each with their own characteristics.

Grains, like any other food product, are comprised of different layers. This signifies how they are built and structured, which can lead to discovering how nutritious they are.

  • The first component of a cereal grain is known as the bran, which can easily be identified as the outermost layer.
  • The germ is the next component of a cereal grain, which contains most of the essential nutrients. These may include oils, vitamins, minerals, and other important antioxidants.
  • The final component of a cereal grain to know about is that of the endosperm. An endosperm contains two essential macronutrients, which are proteins and carbohydrates.

True grains are one of the most popular grains. They are commonly referred to as cereal grains. Here is a list with the six different types of cereal grains:

Type #1: Wheat grains

Usually, individuals are entirely familiar with wheat as a primary cereal grain. Commonly found in many food products, wheat is harvested and produced for consumption. From bread to bagels to other treats, it is a cereal grain that is almost certain in a food product.

Wheat can come in different variations, depending on an individual’s preferences. Whole wheat is the go-to for most people and provides a healthy dose of nutrients overall. Or wheat can also come about in other formats, which can benefit one’s health. No matter where you go in your grocery store, wheat is bound to be encountered.

Wheat is easy to grow in large quantities, making it a popular choice among farmers. However, some maintenance is required to preserve the crop quality. Farmers often use grain bin temperature monitoring to regulate the climate conditions. Similarly, they also monitor the moisture and keep it at a mild level for the wheat to flourish during harvest time.

Type #2: Maize grains

Some of our favourite foods over the year is corn. However, corn is usually harvested from a very important cereal grain. Maize is the corn basis and is cultivated at various times. Moreover, it is also a very multifaceted cereal grain in that it can be used for different purposes.

For starters, maize is harvested to be used in a biofuel capacity. Cleaner alternatives to fuel are always being sought out, and maize provides that opportunity to consumers. It is almost harvested at the same rapid rate as wheat, putting it in a tight competition. Your favourite corn on the cob originates from this type of cereal grain!


Type #3: Oat grains

If wheat and maize are two of the most popular cereal grains, oats are next on the docket. That is because, like wheat, oats can be found and used for various purposes. For example, your favourite morning bowl of steel-cut oats is created from oats harvested in a field.

Moreover, oats can come in a variety of formats too. They could be used in a baking process, whereby delicious food products are made. From bread to confectionaries, oats remain a crucial part of the overall food group. They taste extremely delicious on their own as well!

Type #4: Rye grains

Bread is often seen as an essential food product for our mainstay dishes. As a result, your general loaf of bread can come about in different formats. One of those formats has to do with rye, an essential cereal grain overall. Rye is regarded as a hardy cereal grain used for multiple purposes.

However, it is a staple grain in different parts of the world. In the more eastern areas of the globe, this type of cereal grains has a popularity that rivals the more common grains like wheat or maize. Plus, the final food product that contains it can be very nutritious.

Type #5: Barley grains

Similar in composition to oats, barley is another key aspect of the cereal grains that we know and love. Barley contains a multitude of important nutrients, which can be consumed daily. Throw some into your favourite dishes to reap the benefits of this grain.

Type #6: Sorghum grains

There are more than a few cereal grains that can be used in a multipurpose way. One of those has to do with what is known as sorghum. Flour made from this cereal grain can become extremely nutritious and then consumed via different food products. No matter what cereal grain you find, they all play a key role in sustaining our health for the long term!